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The Animal Kingdom’s Craziest Defense Mechanisms

zackw 2 years ago

Mother Nature has created some pretty incredible animals. With these incredible animals come incredible adaptations that aid in survival. When there’s a natural order food chain, those who aren’t at the tippy top need to ensure their advancement as a species. This is also known as “not getting eaten.” In order to not be eaten by a predator, some animals develop defense mechanisms that they employ when threatened. Here are the weirdest adaptations we could find:

  • Texas Horned Lizard

Image via featuredcreature.com

When threatened, the Texas Horned Lizard will press on its sinus cavities so forcefully that the blood vessels in the eyes will burst, creating a spraying stream of blood.

  • Turkey Vulture

Image via startribune.com

When sensing a threat, the Turkey Vulture will empty the contents of its stomach. After regurgitation, the bird is lighter and able to run faster. Additionally, the act itself will probably have scared off the predatory threat.

  •  Pygmy Sperm Whale

Image via ytimg.com

This defense mechanism is absolutely grotesque. The Pygmy Sperm Whale will secrete an anal fluid into the water the stir it around to essentially create a poop cloud underwater. This allows the whale to hide in the cloud or escape.

  • Eurasian Roller Bird

Image via nydailynews.com

The babies of this bird vomit up a nasty-smelling orange liquid as a defense mechanism.

  • Iberian Ribbed Newt

Image via wikipedia.com

Imagine pulling your own bone out and using it as a knife? Well, Iberian Ribbed Newts are kind of that crazy. When threatened, these newts can actually push their ribs through the skin to act as a weapon. The bones, which are exposed, are covered with a poison that can kill predators.

  • Sea Cucumber

Image via reddit.com

We’ve seen animals like opossums play dead before. But have we seen animals self-eviscerate? Or in other words: violently contract until internal organs are secreted out of your anus? The sea cucumber does! Sea cucumbers release a toxin called holothurin as a first line of defense. If that fails, the creature craps out some organs so that the predator thinks it’s already dead.

  • Malaysian Exploding Ant

Image via reddit.com

Malaysian Exploding Ants don’t exactly explode even thought they may look like they do. They have large sacs filled with venom. When threatened, they contract their abs which causes the glands to explode, thereby spraying the corrosive venom onto the predator.

  • Boxer Crab

Image via wikimedia.org

The Boxer Crab has a mutualistic relationship with its defense system. The mechanism is actually another organism altogether, sea anemone, which the crab holds in its claws to ward off predators.


Cover Image via SportingNews.com


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